# In this lesson you will practice creating a balance sheet and cash

In this lesson you will practice creating a balance sheet and cash flow statement. You will apply this experience to your own financial statements.

Your balance sheet should look similar to the one found on page 74 of your textbook (Table 3-2). Your cash flow statement should look similar to the one found on page 77 (Table 3-3) of your textbook. For the balance sheet you should have between 3-4 columns, for the cash flow statement, you should have 3 columns.

**Hint: The far right column on each sheet is a percentage. Did you figure out where are they getting that percentage from?

On the balance sheet, your total assets represents the 100% baseline, so (look on page 74) the total assets were \$372, 620→ \$372,620/\$372,620= 100%. Now we take each individual asset and divide it by \$372,620. For instance, cash on hand was 260→ 260/372,620= 0.0006977, move the decimal place twice (because in order to find a percent we need to multiply the number by 100) and that gives you 0.07%; cash on hand represents 0.07% of the total assets.

This also applies to the liabilities on the balance sheet. All of the individual liabilities are divided by the total liabilities (\$372,620). For instance, the dentist bill due was 120→ 120/372,620 is 0.000322, move the decimal place twice and you have 0.03%; the dentist bill represents 0.03% of the total liabilities.

Now for the cash flow statement. It is just like the balance sheet in that we are going to use a number as our baseline. In the income section, it is the total income that represents our 100%. See page 77 (Table 3-3); all of our individual income figures are going to be divided by the total income. For instance, total income is \$89,000: Victor’s gross salary is 63,180→ 63,180/89,000= 0.70988, move the decimal places twice and Victor’s gross salary represents 70.99% of the total income.

In the expenditures section, the total expenses represents our 100% baseline. All of the individual expenditures will be divided by the total expenses figure. In this case, the total expenses is \$89,000. The food expense in this statement is 4,900→ 4,900/89,000= 0.05505, move the decimal place twice and the food expense represents 5.51% of the total expenses.

**Complete problem 5 below which is taken from the Do the Math exercises on page 97 of your textbook. Create a balance sheet by using tables in Word or by using an Excel spreadsheet.

Construct Financial Statements. Thomas Green has been a retail salesclerk for six years. At age 35, he is divorced with one child, Amanda, age 7. Thomas’s salary is \$36,000 per year. He regularly receives \$400 per month for child support from Amanda’s mother. Thomas invests \$100 each month (\$50 in his mutual fund and \$50 in U.S. savings bonds). Using the following information, construct a balance sheet and a cash-flow statement for Thomas.

 ASSETS Amount Vested retirement benefits (no employee contribution) \$3,000 Money market account (includes \$150 of interest earned last year) 5,000 Mutual fund (includes \$200 of reinvested dividend income from last year) 4,000 Checking account 1,000 Personal property 5,000 Automobile 3,000 U.S. savings bonds 3,000

 LIABILITIES Outstanding Balance Dental bill (pays \$25 per month and is included in uninsured medical/dental) \$ 450 Visa (pays \$100 per month) 1,500 Student loan (pays \$100 per month) 7,500

 ANNUAL EXPENSES Amount Auto insurance \$780 Rent 9,100 Utilities 1,200 Phone 680 Cable 360 Food 3,000 Uninsured medical/dental 1,000

 ANNUAL EXPENSES Amount Dry cleaning \$480 Personal care 420 Gas, maintenance, license 2,120 Clothes 500 Entertainment 1,700 Vacations/visitation travel 1,300 Child care 3,820 Gifts 400 Miscellaneous 300 Taxes 4,600 Health insurance 2,440

For additional assistance completing this week’s assignment, review the following study guide:  Week 2 Study Guide.

Garman, E. T., & Forgue, R. E. (2015). Personal Finance (12th ed.).Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

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